In this direction, the study of the action human being in entrono of the River of the Salt dialogacom the metodolgicos theoretical beddings of ambient history. Historicizaras relations of the communities that live in this region densely degraded pelaao human being has, as intention to understand the process of urban expansion who seintensificou in last the two decades and as this sped up process vemafetando the manguezal ecosystem of the edges of this River. Comoexemplo of the ambient degradation of this locality can be taken the fast crescimentopopulacional due the cycle of expansion of the region metropolitan of Aracaju, adestruio of the manguezais for the construction of criatrios of shrimp and olanamento of sewer in the riverbed who will be analyzed to the long desteestudo. 3. Methodology: Nessetrabalho was opted, for a verbal research, approaching aspects of economic matrix, sociale ambient with the objective to analyze the occured transformations that foramocasionadas for the relation man-nature in entorno of the River of the Salt. For estaanlise we take for base interviews carried through with the inhabitants who habitamnesta region, living not only to the edges of the rivers, but also of the prpriasociedade.
4. Cycles of Expansion: The city of Ours Lady of the Aid is situated in the Valley doCotinguiba, coast-south of Sergipe, making limit with others four municpiosdo Been of Sergipe: Aracaju, Laranjeiras, Are Cristvo, and Amaro Saint dasBrotas beyond integrating the Zone Metropolitan of Aracaju. Thus, to paracompreender all the transformations that had occurred in entorno of the River of the Salt, and oatual urban arrangement of the city of Ours Lady of the Aid, to precisamosentender all process that discharges in the current domunicpio socioambiental reality in question. The urban growth sped up of Aracaju and the metropolizao, provocarama current configuration of Ours Lady of the Aid: broken up, disarticulated einsustentvel. Such desestruturao of the territory is consequence of the cicloshistricos of expansion, mainly in the decades of 60, 70 and 80.