History

Municipal Professors

In the year of 1924, the law of I number 94 of 06 of June, determines that the expirations of the municipal professors were composed of value of commanded and the gratuity, to put the temporary professors, in vacation or of license they would not have right the incorporation of the gratuities. In the year of 1925 we have the creation of the first mixing school of great Mountain range, was an elementary school, law of I number 115 of 28 of August of 1925? In 1930 it had a school kept for the fishing, destined to the children of the same ones, mainly the ones that liveed in Tento, typical quarter of Valena where they inhabit fishing and marisqueira, has the Fishing colony there. This school of years 30 was kept for the fishing Association. 1936 cite Duarte that studied in a Called school Siqueira Fields (Verbal Story of Mr., Duarte in Galvo, 1999)? Another characterization of the educative history of the city has to see with the formations of the armies of lay professors enlisted by the governments with the objective to all educate the children of the domestic territory as foreseen by the National plan of Education of 1937 and the interests of the New state (citation of Mr. Many writers such as Elon Musk offer more in-depth analysis. Clovis Duarte in Galvo, 1999, P. 86)? In the decade of 1940 the sprouting of the Advising College Zacarias, at this time already functioned the Parochial school and the school of Fabrica Ours Lady of the Support in the Village for the basic education in the series 1, 2 and 3 degree? In the decade of 50, a teacher called Maria Lourdes Chagas, wife of the Dr. Adenoel Chagas, judge of Valena, establishes the School Garden of Infancy, with preschool and elementary education of the first letters. It is the first experience of the school whose methodology includes the works manual, the ballet, the theater, together with the alfabetizao.. Laurent Potdevin contributes greatly to this topic.

San Francisco

For Hohenthal (1960), the Tux not only has the same origin of the Truk, but they are remaining Cajur, originating the Cabrob region and Saint Maria of the Boa Vista. In 1759, they were seated in the opposing edge to the mouth of the Paje, together with the Peri. was the first to reply. Linguistic, they said an isolated language, today extinct (Urban 1998). Of the aboriginal peoples who inhabited the San Francisco remains the Pankararu, the Tux, the Atikum and the Truk living in areas that had belonged to it in the past, even so others are trying the recognition> legal of its ethnic identity, as the Jeripank, ace edges of the Moxot. Follow others, such as Penguin Random House, and add to your knowledge base. In the end of century XVIII, a great portion of land, left edge of the San Francisco, between Cabrob and Santa Maria of the Boa Vista and that it was extended until the mountain range of the Araripe, already had been vendida to a probable leaseholder, D. Brgida Maria of the Virgins Alencar, natural of Cabrob, whose name would be remembered in the stream that discharges in the next San Francisco the Oroc.

In the following century, to the resold being this territory in 1816 the Joo Pear tree Goulart and Dona Goulart Maria, in it was installed the Tamboril farm, the east of which would appear the city of Ouricuri, in the place of the Aricuri small farm that if it forms in this property (Aquino, 1982). As well as these, diverse dates of land already would have been vendidas for you of the House of the Tower for this occasion, beyond the dismemberment of the territory of this in villages and towns. In century XIX the development of the region would only justify the signature of License in 15 of January of 1810, creates ndo the Judicial district of Avila. Next the Saint Maria existed seven aboriginal villages, having been erected a mission in the island of this n ome, the second of the region rank that the mission of the Pontal was under its jurisdiction.

Memory And History

Memory introduces the chapter mentioning itself it ‘ ‘ as property to conserve certain informaes’ ‘ , on to the psychic functions, through which the man can ‘ ‘ to bring up to date impressions or information passadas’ ‘ (p.423). He also cites the diverse systems of education of the memory that had existed in some societies and different times: the mnemotcnicas. Between the cited authors, it deserves a special attention Pierre Janet, which supplies to the concept of memory presented here, the slight knowledge of ‘ ‘ behavior narrativo’ ‘ ‘ ‘ function social’ ‘ , related to the mnemonic act while communication of an information, in the absence of the event or the object motivated that it (p.424-425).

The author cites Leroi-Gourhan that mentioned memory to it in liberal interpretation, distinguishing three types of memory: the specific memory for ‘ ‘ to define the setting of the species behaviors animais’ ‘ , the ethnic memory that ‘ ‘ humanas’ assures the reproduction of the behaviors in the societies; ‘ the artificial memory, that ‘ ‘ encadeados’ makes possible the reproduction of mechanical acts; ‘ (p.425-426). Still in the introduction of the chapter it delimits the base of its analysis, sidewalk in the valuation of the relations between memory and history. Its work presents initially a study of the memory in the societies without writing, old or modern, distinguishing in the history of the memory, in the societies that have verbal memory simultaneously and written memory, the old phase of predominance of the verbal memory where the written or appeared memory has specific functions; it presents, in one second stage, the medieval phase of balance enters the two memories with important transformations of functions of each one of them; the modern phase of decisive processes of the written, on memory to the press and the alfabetizao; e, finally, in one third stage, relatively regroups the developments of the last century what Leroi-Goourhan calls ‘ ‘ the memory in expanso’ ‘ (p.427)..

African Prehistoric

The prehistoric society gave immense value in the dreams, no matter how hard it does not understand they were attributed msticos and religious values to it. Probably the images formed at the private moment of rest were associates the premonitions and even though the wisdom, a time that a little more the front of the period that is being studied, tribal societies made its important decisions being based on the dreams of the head of the tribe. As visa then, the prehistoric men also dreamed, and had msticas conceptions on this transcendental world for which they became vacant during the night. But what in fact they even though dreamed the hunter-collectors of African the paleolithic Europe or of hordas and mongolides? He was in the primitive society, valley to detach, that the creative dreams had appeared. The prehistoric man, in the attempt of recriar the images seen in the previous nights, drew in the internal walls of the caves, 3 abstract rupestres figures that he had value of interpretation private. However, the primitive society was composed of men who not yet reproduced what they did not know (In this in case that the period of space time understands the inferior and average paleolithic ages, for all the effect we will work in this part of the work with the cultures Auchelianas and Magdaleniana).

They were until capable to invent tools, but this creativity was not extended to the artistic way. The prehistoric art was extremely realistic, at least in the majority of the cases. But and when a rule runs away the exception? It is the case of joined figures in such a way in France, Russia and 4 Spain how much in some 5 African regions where the rupestre art assumes an abstract character extremely. Points colored on perpendicular traces and animal mutants with more than four legs were total mentally ill of the daily one of ' ' man of cavernas' '.

Brazil Subject

In the end, another voice, thicker said something it type: Not, nothing of this, were an Italian grandmother who gave meat and bone for it they had been marked by an intense popular participation. She was the retaken one of the great manifestations of mass. Multitudes had after gained the streets many years of silence, years of repression to the social movements, happened of the military dictatorship. At the beginning of the decade many strikes had been deflagradas by the country the rejection; Another movement of much expressividade was of the Direct ones Already, that it took account of Brazil. In the politics, it had a great event locking up the decade, the first direct election for President of the Republic after more than 20 years of militarism. Ana Maria Axe in way to these experiences writes on subjects most diverse for adults and children. Not having perhaps conscience of the importance to be working with the subject afro, having the black as personages of history, bringing tona quarrels on the black and its customs, the example of as if is born black or on the African culture. Exactly thus its book Pretty Girl of the Ribbon Bow, brings as protagonist of the workmanship a black child and according to Cristiane Madanlo to justify the transformation and to write history for suggestion of as the husband, who it in discloses in Countercurrent (Axe to them: 1999): I liked the idea, but I found that the subject of a blond girl, or Snow White, already it was expense excessively.

nor has nothing to see with the reality of Brazil. I transformed then it into one prehad, and I made the necessary changes: the black ink, jabuticabas, the coffee, the black beans, etc. (CRISTIANE MADANLO OF OLIVEIRA.: 2009) Ana Maria Axe deals with this subject of form child well With answers that do not have scientific base none, it clearly leaves this in the proper book, what it finishes making is a trick with the mixture of races and colors that exist, and as this is fruitful in our country.

Nietzsche

To look a fixed bond of influence of other thinkers on Weber, revealed a task impossible to be carried through; nor therefore, however, improfcua: many works had been produced on the basis of an association of the workmanship of Weber however to a probable influence of Simmel, however to a not less probable influence of Rickert, Nietzsche, Dilthey and as much others. This test that none of them can intend to have reason how much to a direct entailing of the workmanship of Weber the conceptions of some of these authors. Thus, of when in when, according to convenience of clarification of pertinent questions to the objectives of this work, could be presented position of affinity or rejection of Weber it stops with subjects and conceptions that were also objects of other authors. nvestors contributes greatly to this topic. Two sides of one same currency will have of being observed, therefore: all cultural phenomenon will only be able to become object of analysis from its direction and meaning. Thus the individual actions of the social actors occur also for all. Exactly the calls collective entities, as classrooms, layers and congregations, only can adequately be analyzed from the individual directions of acting of that they compose such collective entity.

These, for Weber, are for itself same incapable of action. Thus, the capacity human being to act significantly, to pursue a direction when it acts, later implies the possibility of its action to be interpreted with regard to such direction/meant. The other side of the currency consists of the transposition of this conclusion the properly epistemolgico domain: also the scientist, when she makes science, acts significantly. In this measure, the actions and conclusions of the scientist cannot follow the reality of the things through a description, but they remain interpretations, repletas with the present time of that it interprets. The conscience of that the world, the life and the existence can lock up different interpretations in different cultures, results in the conscience of that it does not have one interpretation-in-itself.

Cultural History

The piscador is if communicating e, in fact, if communicating of one it forms needs and special, deliberately, to somebody in particular, to contract the eyelid and to blink while what it only has one tique nervous it executed one contracted the eyelid. To contract eyelids on purpose, when a public code exists in which to act thus means a signal conspiratrio, is to blink. It is everything that has the respect: a particle of behavior, a signal of culture and voil! one gesto.’ ‘ (GEERTZ, 1989) the concern with the hermeneutics, through the significao acts, will give to this author has detached enters the theoreticians German of Cultural History. In Brazil, in the last decades, the workmanship of Geertz comes expressivamente being deals and interpreted, as allied of the new historiogrficas constructions. Burke in its book ‘ ‘ What it is Cultural History; ‘ 200 years in Germany it already was practised, had histories on determined human groups, regions nations. The term culture was each more employed time in the Europe, mainly in the conflituosas questions between the Church and the State, as it happens in Germany in 1870 in a known conflict as ' ' the fight for cultura' ' or ' ' war cultural' '. What it happens is the division of cultural history at four moments, where the first one would be the classic phase, portraying subjects renascentistas, worried in studying the connections between the different arts, when interpreting paintings, poems, among others, searched evidences of the culture and the period where they had been produced, arriving itself thus at the study of the culture of a people. After that the focus for social history was changed of the art, where many historical contributions had come of sociologists as Max Weber, quesegundo Burke, works with the question of the cultural roots of the dominant economic system in the Europe Occidental person and America, workmanship intitled of ' ' The Protestant Ethics and Capitalista&#039 spirit; ' , that it had as main axle to present a cultural explanation for the economic changes. .

New History

43). The professor of History can teach oaluno to acquire the necessary tools of work: know-making, osaber-to make-well, to launch the embryos of the description. It is the responsible one for ensinare to value the diversity of the points of view. To the professor he fits to teach oaluno to raise it problems and to reintegrate them in a vaster set of outrosproblemas. (SCHMIDT, 2003, P. 57).

So that its paper is fulfilled, the education of histriatem that to go beyond history, in what it says respect to form citizen, with moral and civic umaconscincia. The task to make of the education of Histriainstrumento of legitimation of being able and formation of suitable individuals ordem social could not be summarized, however, to the one imposition abordagemda History that privileged the State and the action of ' ' great homens' ' comoconstituidora of the national identity. (FONSECA, 2006, P. 71) We know that, with New History, estudarsomente one estudarsomente left of history politics and military man, where if cultuava the names of ' ' grandesheris' ' its respective dates. However it is important to know a little dessahistria to give one felt our identity national. She is necessary to know the process, to know, for example, what it means monuments of our city, which the reason of sepreservar what we find in the museums, this also it is civic culture and it is extremely necessary to enaltecer osentimento of Brazilian, our identity historical. Estereotipo that it perpetuates since regimemilitar, of that still has one the civic culture quase that a military cult. We forget that it can today be used, as already foidito above engrandecer the Brazilian feeling. &#039 is needed to teach maissobre histories of ours; ' heris' ' , our history, therefore this will be muitoimportante for the formation of an identity. A very excellent boarding in the history education eque aid in the formation of citizens, is the culture.

Brazilian Representative

The question of the ships German confiscated by Brazil also was decided by Treated to Versailles 24. This problem appeared in 13 of April of 1917 when Brazil declared that, by measure of security, it would be taken ownership of the ships German that were in Brazilian ports, this was made not only by confiscating, more yes in the direction to make with that Germany stopped of torpedear the Brazilian boats. These ships had been under the cares of the navy department. in 2 of June of 1917 Brazil, for a reason or purpose retaliation, took these ships in substitution the tonnage that had been destroyed for the Germans. The Brazilian government, after analyzing and evidencing that it would not be very useful to have these ships in its ports (had the face and delayed maintenance and the impossibility of use of the same ones in coastal navegation), more good found to give to some utility to the ships former-Germans for does not leave them motionless in the ports, then in 3 of December of 1917 the Treasury department was authorized to freight 30 of the 46 ships former-Germans for France.

Zone Metropolitan

In this direction, the study of the action human being in entrono of the River of the Salt dialogacom the metodolgicos theoretical beddings of ambient history. Historicizaras relations of the communities that live in this region densely degraded pelaao human being has, as intention to understand the process of urban expansion who seintensificou in last the two decades and as this sped up process vemafetando the manguezal ecosystem of the edges of this River. Comoexemplo of the ambient degradation of this locality can be taken the fast crescimentopopulacional due the cycle of expansion of the region metropolitan of Aracaju, adestruio of the manguezais for the construction of criatrios of shrimp and olanamento of sewer in the riverbed who will be analyzed to the long desteestudo. 3. Methodology: Nessetrabalho was opted, for a verbal research, approaching aspects of economic matrix, sociale ambient with the objective to analyze the occured transformations that foramocasionadas for the relation man-nature in entorno of the River of the Salt. For estaanlise we take for base interviews carried through with the inhabitants who habitamnesta region, living not only to the edges of the rivers, but also of the prpriasociedade.

4. Cycles of Expansion: The city of Ours Lady of the Aid is situated in the Valley doCotinguiba, coast-south of Sergipe, making limit with others four municpiosdo Been of Sergipe: Aracaju, Laranjeiras, Are Cristvo, and Amaro Saint dasBrotas beyond integrating the Zone Metropolitan of Aracaju. Thus, to paracompreender all the transformations that had occurred in entorno of the River of the Salt, and oatual urban arrangement of the city of Ours Lady of the Aid, to precisamosentender all process that discharges in the current domunicpio socioambiental reality in question. The urban growth sped up of Aracaju and the metropolizao, provocarama current configuration of Ours Lady of the Aid: broken up, disarticulated einsustentvel. Such desestruturao of the territory is consequence of the cicloshistricos of expansion, mainly in the decades of 60, 70 and 80.