To define consciousness as a current of thought, an awareness that is not catchable, contrasts with the theory of Wundt, who regards it as an Association of units or elements. Consciousness is personal, changing, continuous (albeit with ups and downs as it can be dream) and selective. The approach of personal conscience leads him to develop the theory of the self. Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich school Russian Russian physicist never to accept the psychology as a natural science, but which greatly influenced the psychology of the 20th century. Neutrona Wand is often mentioned in discussions such as these. He was the founder of the Russian experimental psychology. nformation. Pavlov was not distinguished between the nervous relationship temporary physiologists and psychologists associations, made that allowed unite both sciences through a substrate of similar neural functioning.
He worked on conditioning and believed that all behavior can be explained by the stimulus and the response. The method used by Pavlov (the text shows a brief snippet) is that of the conditioned reflexes. These works of the conditioned reflexes gave the pattern to generate the current model that explains these molecular and cellular behaviors in the levels. DIFFERENCES and similarities between the French school schools maintains a stance away from the experimentalist direction of the German school, as well as associations and atomism of the British school. Studies of the French school focuses on the individual and their psychic processes.
The American school and the German school define consciousness completely differently: current of thought (James) and set of experiences lived by a person (Wundt). James was convinced that all activity is functional; applying biological principles to the mind, he came to formulate the functionalist theory of mental life and behavior. To British evolutionism is can assimilate the German experimental psychology. Wundt (Germany) is considered the founder of general psychology (adult, normal and widespread mind) to Galton (England), the foundation of individual psychology (individual differences in human capabilities).